This class introduces the student to Hanafi Fiqh, the foundation of Muslim law as the basis for a life of devotion and servitude to God as envisioned in the school of Imam Abu Hanifah. The students will learn about the reasons Muslim schools of law evolved and the nature and rationale of the legal schools. Students will learn the detailed rulings relating to purification (Taharah) and prayer (Salat) along with an examination of some of the textual proofs for those rulings. The class will also introduce the student to reading legal manuals in the Arabic language.The objectives we wish to meet are the following:
- To understand the foundation of sacred knowledge and the validity of following qualified scholarship;
- To understand how Muslim scholars classify human actions;
- To acquire knowledge of the details related to ritual purification, prayer and fasting along with their corresponding legal classifications in the Hanafi School;
- To become acquainted with the nomenclature of Islamic jurisprudence;
- To learn the major sources of law in the Hanafi School;
- To strengthen one’s knowledge of the Arabic language and augment one’s ability to access the primary sources.
We began our first class with a fresh group of students in August. In the five classes we’ve had so far, we’ve covered how the schools of fiqh evolved, the rulings (fardh, wajib, sunnah, etc.) and the entire chapter on Purification (Taharah). In Taharah, among the many subjects covered, some of them were: Types of water, Wudu, Ghusl, Tayammum and many more. As simple as they are, there are many stipulations misunderstood or unknown. Some parts were very simple, and others even came as a surprise! We also went through the biography of Imam Abu Hanifah and the great companion, Abdullah ibn Mas’ud.
We enjoy the discussions we have in class, while the class is taking place. The questions and discussions are happening as the teaching is continuing, and makes the experience a very rich one.
The chapter on Prayer (Salah) covers everything from the times of prayer, to fara’idh, waajibat, sunan, etc. to the types of prayer. By then end of these sessions, the students will look at prayer very differently, knowing each action, and understanding the reasoning behind the action. Not only will their prayer be perfected, but they will be ready to teach the perfect prayer to others.
The primary text we are using is Nur al-Idah (The Light of Clarification), authored by Hasan Shurunbulali, and translated by Wesam Charkawi.
We are also using Maraqi’l-Sa’adat (Ascent to Felicity), authored by Hasan Shurunbulali, and translated by Faraz Khan.
A text that the students are reading is Fiqh al Imam, authored by Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf.